Panna Cotta Dessert Definition For Essays

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Panna Cotta is an Italian dessert that literally means "cooked cream". It contains just a few ingredients; cream (and/or milk), sugar, and vanilla that are set with gelatin. This lovely eggless custard-like pudding has a rich flavor and silky smooth texture that takes just minutes to prepare. Panna Cotta is the perfect dinner party dessert as it is can be made ahead, is well suited for individual servings, stunning to look at, and delicious to eat. I like to serve these Panna Cotta with a medley of fresh berries, poached fruit, or a chocolate or fruit sauce (strawberry or raspberry are very nice). 

Panna Cotta begins with gelatin. For this recipe we are using unflavored powdered gelatin as leaf gelatin is hard to come by in North America. Powdered unflavored gelatin is sold on the baking isle of grocery stores and is packaged in small boxes that contain four paper envelopes of powdered gelatin. We need just one - 1/4 ounce (7 grams) (scant tablespoon) envelope. Unflavored gelatin is tiny granules that are tasteless, colorless, and odorless. It is used as a thickening agent but only becomes active when dissolved in a hot liquid. But first we need to sprinkle the gelatin over cold liquid (in this case milk) which allows the gelatin to soften, swell, and become spongy (to bloom). While the gelatin is softening, the next step is to heat the sugar and heavy cream (double cream) (cream with a 35-40% butterfat content) until hot. I realize that some may want to make the Panna Cotta lighter in taste, texture, and calories. If that is the case just substitute milk or a lighter cream for some of the heavy cream. Once the cream is hot, stir in the softened gelatin. The gelatin then needs to be gently warmed so the granules completely dissolve and the proteins become activated. I always like to check to make sure all the gelatin granules are dissolved. Do this by dipping a spoon into the cream to see that all the crystals have melted. The final step is to stir in the pure vanilla extract or vanilla bean paste, and you are done. Pour the cream into 6 to 8 - 1/2 cup (120 ml) dessert cups and refrigerate until firm. This will take about two to four hours, or even overnight. Absolutely delicious.

Note: For a more intense vanilla flavor, you could substitute half a vanilla bean for the pure vanilla extract. To use a vanilla bean simply split the bean down its length and scrape out the seeds using the end of a sharp knife. Then, stir all the seeds into the cream before it is heated. This not only imparts a wonderful vanilla flavor to the cream but I also like how the seeds dot the finished Panna Cotta. Now, do not throw away the vanilla pod once you have scraped out the seeds. This can be used to make wonderful vanilla scented sugar. To make the vanilla sugar first leave the vanilla pod on your kitchen counter for several hours or even a day until it dries out. Then, simply bury the dried vanilla pod into your canister of sugar. After a few days you will find that the flavor of vanilla has permeated through all the sugar. 

When the weather is hot, panna cotta is one of my favorite dinner party desserts — it’s elegant yet easy to prepare, and you won’t have to heat up your kitchen with your oven. Plus, the easy panna cotta recipe only takes a few ingredients that you probably have at home.

What is panna cotta?

Panna cotta translates to “cooked cream” in Italian. The dessert is made by infusing heavy cream (or other liquids) with flavorings and then adding gelatin to set the mixture. Though gelatin is used, the dessert should only be “just set,” much like a baked custard should be, and not as firmly set as some other gelatin desserts.

Since the creamy dessert is served chilled, it needs to be prepared in advance, which means you don’t need to do any last-minute prep before you serve it, either. 

Panna cotta flavors and variations

You can make panna cottas in a wide range of flavors by using different extracts, spices and fruit zests to flavor the base. One of my favorite types of panna cotta combines buttermilk with heavy cream, rather than using heavy cream alone.

The buttermilk gives the panna cotta a soft tanginess that gives this simple dessert a lot of depth of flavor. The added bonus of using buttermilk is that it makes this panna cotta a bit lighter than some other recipes, since buttermilk is naturally lower in fat than heavy cream, which makes up the bulk of many panna cotta recipes. I think that buttermilk goes beautifully with vanilla, so you can enjoy this panna cotta on its own. It also pairs very well with fresh berries!

Buttermilk can separate when it is heated, so that means that I only heat the cream, gelatin and sugar when preparing this recipe, then stir in the buttermilk later. Since the buttermilk is cold when it is added to the cream mixture, it will lower the temperature of the other ingredients and help the panna cotta begin to set more quickly.

How to serve a panna cotta

Panna cottas are a great make-ahead dessert for entertaining because they need several hours to set up and can easily be made a day ahead. Panna cottas are typically either served in the dish that they were set in or turned out onto a dessert plate. I prefer to allow them to set in the cup that I made them in because it means that I can use less gelatin and make a more tender panna cotta without worrying whether it will hold up on the plate. Use cute teacups, elegant ramekins or clear cocktail glasses for the best presentation. 

If you want to try turning your panna cottas out, let them set up in a ramekin, then run a knife around the edge and invert the ramekin onto a small dessert plate. 

Easy panna cotta recipe with buttermilk

Serves four people


  • 1 1/4 teaspoon unflavored gelatin
  • 1 tablespoon water
  • 2/3 cup heavy cream
  • 1/3 cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1 cup buttermilk (here’s how to make buttermilk at home)

Step 1:

Combine gelatin and water in a small bowl and let it set for 3 minutes to bloom and soften the gelatin. 

Step 2:

In a small saucepan, combine softened gelatin, heavy cream and sugar. Cook over medium heat, stirring continuously, until the gelatin has melted and the sugar has completely dissolved.

Step 3:

Remove from heat and whisk in vanilla extract. Pour through a strainer into a bowl containing the buttermilk and whisk to combine.

Step 4:

Divide buttermilk mixture evenly into four 6-ounce cups or ramekins. Chill panna cottas until set, or at least 4 hours.

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