Causes and Effects of the Crusades Essay
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Causes and Effects of the Crusades
Towards 1071 AD, Seldjuk Turks had grown powerful and had started conquering the East. Christians began to find it difficult to reach the holy places during their pilgrimages. The military expeditions planned and fought by western European Christians that began around 1095 AD, are known today as the Holy Wars, or the Crusades. The purpose of these expeditions was to overtake and gain control of the holy land of Jerusalem, from the Muslims. Deus Vult, meaning God Wills It, was the battle cry of the thousands of Christians who took part in the event of the Crusades. It was Christian belief that fate was to gain control of the Holy Land for the glory of God.
In the year of 1095 AD, Pope Urban II…show more content…
For peasants, the crusade let them be free of feudal bonds. Everyone was also promised immediate salvation in heaven if they were killed in trying to free the holy land from non-Christians. This goaded many people to become part in this battle. Soon, Urban lost all control of the vast army that was far beyond his control. Therefore, he did not have to power to stop the slaughter of Jews in northern France, and so many other populations in the East and in Europe.
At this time, and at the start of the crusades, the Pope had little real power over Christianity. Urban was hoping that the Crusades would help strengthen his power and possibly help religious beliefs become more a part of daily life among the general population in Europe. In General, the Crusades were seen as a way for the Pope to gain political power over the uncontrolled warrior class. Urban felt that the best way to unite followers is a Holy War, where Christianity is everyone’s standard.
The eight crusades which were spurred for many different reasons by many different people that left a lasting effect to the world. These years of bloodshed were led by men wanting money, greed, and fame to themselves at the expense of others.
The Crusades had one major strong effect on Europe. It managed to reduce the number of quarrelsome and contentious knights that fought and
The Causes And Effects Of The Crusades
If you ask someone if they ever heard of the Crusades the answer will most likely be yes. Does that mean that they know what the Crusades are? No. Many Jewish people who don’t know much about the Crusades assume it was merely targeted against the Jews and it resulted in the death of countless Jews. Other than that they are oblivious to the true facts. So what were the Crusades?
The Crusades were great military missions embarked on by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the hands of the Moslems. The Crusades were considered Holy Wars (1). Their main target was the Moslems not the Jews, although campaigns were also waged against pagan Slavs, Jews, Russian and Greek orthodox Christians, Mongols, Cathars, Hussites, Waldensians Old Prussians, and political enemies of the popes (2). There were many Crusades some more significant than others, but in general the Crusades was an important event in the history of Medieval Europe.
Religious feelings were the principal cause of the Crusades. Up until 1065 the Moslems had control of Jerusalem, a city which held a Holy significance to the Christian religion. The Christians would make pilgrimages to see the Holy city and its churches. Although Jerusalem was under the control of the Moslems, the Christians were granted a safe passage to visit the Holy city. Then in 1065 the Turks took over Jerusalem. They made a huge massacre against Christian pilgrims and around three thousand Christians were killed. This angered the Christians greatly. They were overcome with the desire to rescue the Holy Land from the Turks. Their way of doing this was through fighting in Crusades (1).
Aside from their need to defend the Holy Land the Christians had a restless, adventurous force to them. Those with their new vows of knighthood were energetic by the spirit of chivalry, and very ready to fight. The...
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