Influence of Greek Culture
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Influence of Greek Culture
Back in the days of Homer’s Writings, Greek culture had a huge influence on the way of life and the style of writing. In this epic Greek culture also played a huge roll in the outcome of the story. The three traits of Greek culture that are evident in this story are, marriage is permanent, gods are revered and intelligence is valued.
The first one of these traits that stands out in this epic is marriage is permanent. Penelope is faced with many suitors who wish to marry her and rule Ithica, yet she remained loyal and had faith that her husband, Odysseus would return to her side. In one instance, the suitors pressured her into choosing one of them to marry. To trick the men she said “Young men, my suitors, now my lord is dead, let me finish my weaving before I marry.” (p. 726, l. 100-101). Then every night she would undo her progress of the day. Odysseus too, had been desired by others and he too avoided them. Circe and Calypso both wanted to be with Odysseus, but he knew he had sworn to love Penelope. Telemachus also played a part in keeping his parents’ marriage together. He set out to find his father despise what others had told him. The olive tree bed was also a symbol of the couple’s permanent marriage.
The next trait that played a role in Greek culture was that gods are revered. Gods played a very significant role in the Greek’s way of life. Gods controlled everything from the sky to the underworld. Gods could either be your best friend, or your worst enemy. Odysseus learned that the hard way. After blinding Polyphemus he boasted his
name to the beast whose father was the sea god Poseidon. “Cyclops, if ever mortal man inquire how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him Odysseus, raider of the cities took your eye: Laertes’ son whose home’s on Ithica!” (p.756 l. 970-974). From that point on he would be punisher by the great sea god. A god also played an important role in Telemachus’ journey. Athena gave the young mortal much help and advice.
The last trait that played an important role in Greek culture is that intelligence is valued. Odysseus, Telemachus and Penelope all showed great intelligence in the epic. Odysseus main strength was his intelligence. He had tricked the Cyclops many times and saved himself and his crew’s lives many times.
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Greek Culture Way Of Life Significant Role Olive Tree Hard Way Worst Enemy Young Men Finish Poseidon
Penelope had deceived the suitors enough to give Odysseus time to return. When Odysseus finally did return he was wise enough to disguise himself so only few people could recognize him. The people who did recognize him such as his old nurse, helped to aid him execute the suitors who pursued Penelope. “You are Odysseus! Ah, dear child! I could not see you until now—not till I knew my master’s very body with my hands!” (p 780 l. 1630-1632). Telemachus was also clever not to reveal his search for his father, because he too, may have been killed by the suitors.
The influence of Greek culture made this epic the great story that it is. Almost everything in this story had something to do with the Greeks or the Greek culture. The events in this story fit together like a puzzle. That is why this story is so unique.
Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization
Western civilization is what we call modern society that mainly includes North America and
Western Europe. But how did this western way of life come to be? Their are many different
ways but mainly through ancient cultures. The two main ones are the Greek and Roman.
Greece with their golden age and Rome with its great Empire and Republic and also
Their are many ways in which western civilization is like the ancient Greek
civilization. They started the Olympic games. Greeks come up with the idea of an alphabet
that it still used today. They were the first to think of the idea of democracy. They had
common people participate in their government and to elect a leader. Their trials had an
actual jury made up of commoners. Greece was the first to think of paying people for their
labor. It also had the initial philosophers and thought up of the way we now write literature.
Including the idea of putting on a play. One of historyâ€™s greatest writes, Homer, thought up
of poems that are story size that we now call epic poems. But it was mainly through
government that Greeks influenced the world.
The other greatest influence on western civilization is the one of Ancient Rome.
They formed a law code much like the ones used now a day in many countries. First to
believe someone was innocent tell proven guilty. Had a Senate much like the ones used
today, with both upper class and lower class in it. And also had other assemblies. Rome
spread the Latin language which is the bases for almost all languages. They also thought up
the modern calendar. Rome helped expand Christianity, making it the most wide spread
religion. Romanâ€™s also invented the numeral system that...
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