Short Essay On Separation Of Powers

The Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances Essay

518 Words3 Pages

The separation of powers and checks and balances is a system that was created in America by the founding fathers in the constitution of the United States. The separation of power plays an important role of keeping the three branches which are legislative, executive, and judicial in the government systems equal to one another and that neither branches becomes too powerful. Each branch has its very own power and duties to serve to the people and government. All three branches play a significant role in checks and balances and separation of powers, in our government and rely on each other to make sure that all of the power is equally distributed.
One out of the three branches is the Legislative Branch which has the power to declare war,…show more content…

The separation of powers and checks and balances is a system that was created in America by the founding fathers in the constitution of the United States. The separation of power plays an important role of keeping the three branches which are legislative, executive, and judicial in the government systems equal to one another and that neither branches becomes too powerful. Each branch has its very own power and duties to serve to the people and government. All three branches play a significant role in checks and balances and separation of powers, in our government and rely on each other to make sure that all of the power is equally distributed.
One out of the three branches is the Legislative Branch which has the power to declare war, and many more objectives. The Legislative branch is made up by the House of Representatives and the Senate, which creates our Congress (Little and Ogle, 283). For example, the President can get advice from the senate to whom can be appointed for the Supreme Court. The legislative branch provides the laws for our country. They can make a bill into a law, which if not signed it is then vetoed and sent to Congress and then has to have two-thirds vote to become a bill (Little and Ogle,32). This provides, time to reflect on a bill and get input by congress. For instance, congress has the power to impeach and remove federal judges (Little and Ogle, 200). The legislative branch gives power to the people, but also still gives power to the other

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Merriam-Webster defines power as the, “ability to act or produce an effect.” The legislative, judicial, and executive branches of the United States government maintain a delicate balance of power as they make, interpret, and enforce laws. In the first three articles of the Constitution, the framers did their best to ensure that power would be separated to the extent where no single branch of government could claim superiority over another and they further enforced this through the structure of checks and balances. Despite the separation of powers and checks and balances, there is an imbalance of power. The legislative branch has more power than both the judicial and executive branches.
The primary function of the legislative…show more content…

The framers of the Constitution were aware of the weakness of the judicial branch in comparison to the other branches. “(Alexander) Hamilton maintained that despite the power of judicial review, the judiciary would be the weakest of the three branches of government because it lacked ‘the strength of the sword of the purse.’” Despite this weakness, the framers were confident that judicial review would prevent legislators from getting carried away with the amount of power they possess.
In addition to this weakness, the legislative branch is able to exercise additional power through their checks and balances over the judicial branch. The legislature can create or eliminate federal courts and “Congress can also restrict the power of the federal courts to decide cases.” Therefore, despite the Judicial Branch’s power to invalidate legislative acts when they are deemed unconstitutional, the legislative branch can overcome this by creating new laws or by merely changing existing ones until they satisfy both branches of government.
Relative to the judicial branch, the executive branch is even weaker when compared to the legislative branch. The judicial branch’s key focus is enforcing the laws. Similarly to the judicial branch, without laws that the legislators create, the judicial branch wouldn’t have laws to enforce. With regards to checks and balances, the judicial branch, through the President, is able to veto

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